making croissants from scratch

I have wanted to make croissants from scratch at least once in my life. I feel it is my duty as a partially french person. So enlisting the help of friends, an absurd amount of butter, so much waiting, and about 48 hours, we made croissants. We also threw in some pains au chocolat and pains aux raisins for good measure. What follows is our process. It’s going to be long, so get comfy! The recipe is at the end if you ever care to do it yourself. It’s not really hard just incredibly time consuming. I will say that it’s worth it and that I will probably never do it again.

We used this incredibly classic, and dog eared patisserie book and translated not only the french to english but the grams to cups. At times it was not pretty. I love all the notations written on the side and all the history you could feel. The book belongs to my friend’s french mom and she’s used it for ages.

The actual assembly of the dough is not complicated. You mix three bowl of different simple ingredients and then combine them. It’s everything after that point that makes you feel incompetent.

So here is the dough. Now comes the fun part of letting it rise, rolling it out, cooling it, rolling it, adding loads of butter and then repeating.

Yeah, that’s butter. And only half of what you ultimately use.

This is the folding step (you can see that the butter has been spread out to form a thin layer over 2/3rds of the dough. The part that’s being folded over does not have butter (in case you’re actually making the recipe. Then you would roll it out in front of you, not side to side).

Once you do all the waiting and rolling cooling and folding and waiting you’ll be at this step (approximately 24 hours, you can see the butter step was at night and the rolling out was in the morning). Here is where you use even more muscle and you roll the dough out super thin and cut it into triangles to actually make the croissants!.

Rolling them up was super fun, who knew it would ultimately be so simple!

You arrange them on a baking sheet, brush them with some egg to make them shiny and then let them rise in a warm spot (if you have a gas oven with a pilot, then stick them in the oven where it’s perfectly dry and warm) for an hour.

then if you’re us, you also add in some pains au chocolat (basically you cut a rectangle and sprinkle some chocolate chips and roll them up) and some pains aux raisins (Almond paste and soaked raisins that you spread out onto the dough, roll up and then slice like cinammon rolls).

Here they are all puffed up from being warm for an hour and now they’re ready to bake!


Croissants From Scratch
(Disclaimer: If you have a kitchen scale I highly recommend using the grams measurements as it seems like some of my conversions might be off!)

Ingredients (clustered for a reason)
20 G (4tsp) yeast
50 G (3 Tbsp) sugar
2 Tbsp Milk
15 G salt (1 Tbsp)

40 G Melted butter (2 1/2 tbsp)
120 G Water (1/2 Cup)
120 Milk (1/2 Cup)

500 G wheat flour (4 Cups)
260 G butter (room temp) (1 Cup)
1 egg


1. Dissolve yeast with 2 tbsp room temp water, set aside
2. Mix sugar, salt and milk together, set aside
3. Mix butter, water, milk in a pan over low heat.

The process:

1. In a stand mixer or with a wooden spoon mix the flour with the sugar, salt and milk mixture. Once well mixed add in the butter water and milk mixture. Combine and add yeast last. When the dough separates from the sides of the mixing bowl it’s ready.

2. Place the bowl of dough in a warm spot of the kitchen, cover with a wet cloth and allow the dough to double in size, about an hour.

3. Sprinkle an 8×10 (or close) baking dish with flour and mold the dough into it (you’ll need the shape later for rolling out) and put it covered in the refrigerator for 2-3 hours, or until stiff.

4. Divide the butter into two equal amounts, set one half aside.

5. Remove the dough from the fridge and on a floured surface with a rolling pin (and some muscle) roll it out into a rectangle about a 1/4″ thick. Spread one portion of the butter over the left 2/3rds of the rolled out dough. (the butter should be softer than the dough so that it spreads easily).

6. Fold the dough in three starting with the 1/3rd on the right that has no butter. (like folding a letter in thirds, see picture above). Roll the dough out away from you and not side to side.

7. Rotate the dough 90 degrees and fold it in three again and roll it out to the approximate size of the baking pan. Wrap the dough in a dry dishtowel and place it in the baking dish and back in the fridge for at least 2 hours or ideally overnight.

8. Take the dough out of the fridge and repeat steps 5 -7 but instead of placing back in the baking pan, place the dough on a floured baking sheet and place, covered with the dishtowel, in the fridge for an hour.

9. Take the dough out and roll it out on a floured surface to 1/8″ thickness (90×30 cm rectangle) (35×12 inches). Cut the dough in half along the length.

10. Cut each half into 12-15 triangles keeping the base narrow. Starting with the base, roll each triangle into croissant shape.

11. Place the croissants on a greased baking sheet leaving space for each to rise. Brush the tops with egg (this gives it the shine)

12. If your oven has a pilot light then stick the baking sheet of croissants in the oven to rise for 2 hours. If you don’t have a pilot light in the oven then find a warm spot in the house.

13. Preheat the oven to 200C (390F) (not if the croissants are rising inside it though).

14. Brush on one more layer of egg and put the tray in the oven for 15 minutes. It’s best to keep your eye on them towards the end so that they don’t burn.

Voila! Croissants!

24 Responses to “making croissants from scratch”

  1. megan says:

    oh my gosh, i am DYING over this recipe! they look so perfect and delicious. i love baking, and am thinking i’m going to have to attempt this some weekend…

    love, love, love it.

  2. Rob says:

    Great article, but I think your volume conversions are off. You cannot do a straight conversion from grams (weight) to cups (volume) without knowing the density of each ingredient. In your recipe, you listed “120 G Water (1/2 Cup)”, which is correct (1 cup water = 236.6 grams). But for the flour, you listed “500 G wheat flour (2 Cups)”. 1 cup flour = approx. 125 grams, so 500 grams would be 4 cups of flour. Sorry, don’t mean to nit-pick. I just bought myself a cheap digital scale this week for that exact reason. Bon appetit!

  3. laure says:

    megan–just make sure to invite friends over to celebrate them coming out of the oven!

  4. laure says:

    Rob I think you’re absolutely right. We used a scale for much of it but I wanted to convert all of it for the post. I’m going to fix that conversion and add a little disclaimer!

  5. Sara says:

    They look great! The chocolate ones are calling out my name…

    I just made puff pastry for the first time last week, which is similar without the yeast in the dough. It was a lot easier than I thought but way more butter than I usually use! I’d love to try making croissants as well but am all buttered out at the moment.

  6. grace says:

    so awesome, they look divine! but where are the bottles of wine you consumed while making these incredible croissants?!

  7. jacqueline says:

    Just came across your blog, and it is so inspiring! Your photography is lovely. And these croissants look so good!

  8. Jen says:

    Yum, they look so delicious! I don’t think I’d make them though because seeing all of the butter that actually goes IN to croissants might scare me!

  9. able mabel says:

    Yum! I do think I’ll have to give these a try.

  10. amy says:

    these. look. amazing.
    my mouth is severely watering looking at all your pictures!

  11. Emily says:

    Wow. That is commitment. So worth it and very inspiring (now, though, I think I shouldn’t call myself a baker….). Well done!

  12. i’ll take 5 please! your photos! the food! so amazying!

  13. RĂ©gine says:

    Bonjour Laure

    Why don’t you move to MontrĂ©al. My boys would loooove you and your croissants. Can you make des chocolatines aussi ???

  14. laure says:

    Sara-yes I think it’s really similar to puff pastry, but I’m in the same boat–gonna give butter a little bit of a rest ;)

  15. laure says:

    bien sur! je demenagerai la semaine prochaine ;)

  16. My mouth is watering… these look amazing! Although I probably do not have the patience to ever make them on my own, I will live vicariously through you. :)

  17. Theresa says:

    Wow! Wonderful!

  18. Those look so delicious – you perfected that brown crispy crust!

  19. [...] These croissants will be one of the first things I try to make in our new place. [...]

  20. wow – great commitment, they look amazing. Love the photos and it’s making me hungry for some proper french croissants and a trip to Paris!

  21. [...] back towards the end of the week. Here are some french related posts to keep you in the spirit: how to make croissants from scratch, perfect for fall – my take on boeuf bourgignon, Claude and Francois Lalanne, my dad’s [...]

  22. good voyage says:

    [...] been pouring over Laure Joliet’s photos. Many pages in to her blog I came across a recipe for making croissants from scratch. I don’t know when in the near future D and I will have the time to make these, but trust me, [...]

  23. Nate says:

    Yikes… My dough didn’t look nearly as moist as yours. I hope it turns out ok. I double checked all the steps and measurements. My dough couldn’t even really be mixed with a wooden spoon because it was so thick. I basically had to kneed it with my hands.

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